DATA: ALWAYS MORE?

DATA: ALWAYS MORE?

By dint of wanting to accumulate data before making a decision, governments are becoming colossi with feet of silicon. They are at the mercy of the reliability and of the precision of these mega data on the one hand, and at the mercy of the interpretations that are made of them on the other.

An overview by anthropologist Claire Somerville, Executive Director of the Institute of Gender Studies in Geneva.

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THE PRICE OF TRUST?

THE PRICE OF TRUST?

The trust crisis that is hitting the Internet today is mainly due to the multiple scandals involving the use of data.  Restoring this indispensable trust, says Lionel Maurel, a lawyer and co-founder of "La Quadrature du Net", means putting the notion of the Common Good back at the heart of thinking. And this requires the social portability of data.

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DEMOCRACY AND DIGNITY IN THE DIGITAL AGE

DEMOCRACY AND DIGNITY IN THE DIGITAL AGE

In a media ecosystem dominated by Facebook - half of the population only gets information through social networks - it is not the democracy but the French Republic that is in crisis. And with it a constitution that is no longer in line with the citizens' expectations. Behind this crisis, observes Fabrice Epelboin, an entrepreneur, social media specialist and teacher at Sciences-Po Paris, there is the question of dignity in the digital age.

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THE BRIGHT FUTURE OF

THE BRIGHT FUTURE OF "FRUGAL" INNOVATION

By Bogomil Kohlbrenner

How can you do better with less? This is the proposal of the so-called "frugal" technologies initiated by French-American academic Navi Rajavi. It is an opportunity for Swiss anthropologist Bogomil Kohlbrenner to take stock of a low-tech industry that does more and more, but more importantly, is increasingly competitive with high tech....

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CHAIN OF TRUST

CHAIN OF TRUST

In the digital age, where trust is attached to blockchain," notes Damien de Chillaz, Vice President B2B Platforms at Capgemini, "this technology makes it possible to guarantee trust within a business ecosystem that has become virtuous because it guarantees, among other things, the identities of the people involved in exchanges. Demonstration.

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BETWEEN BRAIN AND MACHINE

BETWEEN BRAIN AND MACHINE

Over the last few decades, neurology and computer science have been constantly exploring common territories and the ethical questions raised by this alliance are becoming explosive: on the one hand, the possibility of acting through thought on digital devices and, on the other, the possibility of "brainjacking" and of hacking a connected brain... This is enough to feed the worst Orwellian nightmare unless we practice "responsible neuroengineering", say the neuroscientist Laure Tabouy and the Dominican Bernardas Verbickas.

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THE NEW SCRIBES

THE NEW SCRIBES

If 2019 was the year of the "citizen data scientist", according to the Dice.com website 2020 will be the year of the "citizen data engineers", but why does the idea of citizenship arise in the big data? The point of view of Lauriane Gorce, Scientific Director of the Institute of Technology for the Human Being in Montreal.

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IA SOLIDARITY AND INSURANCE IN FRONT OF THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION.

IA SOLIDARITY AND INSURANCE IN FRONT OF THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION.

Watch the presentation of our report "Artificial intelligence, solidarity and insurance in Europe and Canada" in front of the European Commission.

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ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, INSURANCE AND SOLIDARITY

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, INSURANCE AND SOLIDARITY

Artificial intelligence is an incomparable tool for personalizing offers, products and prices accordingly to the customers. In the frame of the mandate of the newly created International Panel on Artificial Intelligence (IPAI), and in the context of of the 100 days deadline set by the European Commission to regulate AI, it is important to check that this customization does not turn into individualism and that it is not likely to harm society as a whole.

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Deliver Us From A.I.?

Deliver Us From A.I.?

Here is the new interview of the president of OPTIC in Fortune Magazine. In this piece are described the activities of our think tank, the unique research we are conducting and our latest collaboration with the OPTIC office in Canada

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DATA TRAFFICKERS

DATA TRAFFICKERS

GAFAs are no longer just trying to capture and monetize our data, but to predict and influence our behaviour: by clicking on an ad or liking content, we feed Google or Facebook's algorithms that transform them into marketable behavioural predictions. As a result, society is divided into two classes: those who watch, the minority, and those who are watched, the majority of us. This is what the American academic Shoshana Zuboff, Professor Emeritus at Harvard Business School, defends in a scathing essay entitled The Age of Surveillance Capitalism to be published  by Zulma.

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"WAR CAN NEVER BE IDENTIFIED WITH VIRTUALITY"

Interview with Dominique Lambert, by Romina Rebois

What is the correct and legal definition of an algorithmic state of war?  

For Dominique Lambert, Professor of Philosophy of Science at the University of Namur, it is necessary to get used to the idea that war is no longer fought only in geographical theatres of operation but also in cyberspace. In other words, war occurs in a much more intimate and accessible individual and social space than ever before. Nevertheless, in this virtual universe, as on the battlefield, the effects of war are real.

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WILL THE WAR OF IA TAKE PLACE?

WILL THE WAR OF IA TAKE PLACE?

The seizure of power by megalomaniacal AIs does not seem likely to threaten our far future. Algorithms have such vulnerabilities that man cannot disappear from the decision-making loop. On the other hand, human-machine hybridization suggests a cyborgisation of the battlefield in which AIs could play the role of shepherd dogs: autonomous, faithful, enduring and on the alert.

By Romina REBOIS and Pierre GUEYDIER

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IS THERE A JUST CYBER WAR?

IS THERE A JUST CYBER WAR?

 

Interview with Mariarosaria Taddeo, by Marylaure Bloch

War has its rules, laws and rights. These rules are sometimes broken, laws are circumvented and rights are violated. However, war is part of a legal order that expresses ethical considerations. Should cyber aggression be considered as an act of war? For the Deputy Director of the Digital Ethics Lab in Oxford, there is an urgent need to define a legal framework for cyber space conflicts.     

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THE UNCERTAINTIES OF QUANTUM CRYPTOGRAPHY

THE UNCERTAINTIES OF QUANTUM CRYPTOGRAPHY

It is not known whether "quantum supremacy" over conventional computers was achieved during the summer as Google has announced. IBM asserts that no, Google maintains (link) Let's say, for lack of certainty, that the announcement was quantum, in a superposition of half-true and half-untrue state... Nevertheless, the question that arises for cryptography specialists becomes burning. This is reflected in a lecture given by Victoria de Quehen (ISARA) on October 15, 2019 in Montreal. Our correspondent attended.

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OPTIC Annual Report

OPTIC Annual Report "ETHICS & TECH 2019"

We are particularly pleased to present the first edition of the ETHICS & TECH report of the OPTIC network. This work, lasting several months, with the support of contributors and authors from diverse geographical and intellectual backgrounds, aimed to provide a synthesis accessible to all those who wish to better understand the collective and contemporary challenges of digital technology on a human, political and even anthropological level.

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"Does the tech world play God?" BFMTV

09 avril 2018 - Paris - BFMTV

TV Show "Les décodeurs de l'éco" with Eric Salobir

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"Virage Digital" show with Eric Salobir

March 27th 2018 - Paris - DécideursTV

TV Show "Virage Digital - Actual'IT", DécideursTV, with Br. Eric Salobir.

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Vatican Hack 2018 - Results

Vatican Hack 2018 - Results

March 11th 2018 - Vatican

Winners of the hackathon at the Vatican

VHacks winners announced on March 11, 2018 at the Vatican City.

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Révolution Technologique - OPTIC Talks Video of the event

Révolution Technologique - OPTIC Talks Video of the event

 22 janvier 2018 - Paris, Collège des Bernardins

Full video stream of the "OPTIC Talks" audio dubbed in French. Full original audio version will be available soon.

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